As the other Cats try to follow him, Demeter and Bombalurina sing what they know about Macavity ("Macavity: The Mystery Cat"). As Rum Tum Tugger's song fades, a shabby old grey cat stumbles out and looks around; it is Grizabella. [324] The cat's-eyes logo was the first globally marketed logo in musical theatre history,[89] and was paired with a tagline ("now and forever") to create what The Daily Telegraph called "one of musical theatre's greatest posters". Produced by Tim O'Connor, the production was performed at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre. Beyond the productions in England, the US, Canada, and Australia, the musical has been produced professionally in Hungary, Austria, and Japan, 1983; Sydney and Toronto, 1985; Germany, 1986; France, 1989; Mexico, 1991; Netherlands, 1992; Argentina, 1993; Hong Kong, 1994; Spain, 2003; Poland and Czech Republic, 2004; Russia and Estonia, 2005; Israel, Taiwan, Thailand, South Korea, China and Finland, 2007; Singapore, Hong Kong, Dominican Republic, Norway, Sweden, South Africa, China, Italy, Bulgaria and Japan, 2009; and Brazil and the Philippines, 2010. Also known as "mitten cats" or "thumb cats," polydactyls have a genetic mutation that gives them more than the usual number of toes on one or more feet. [343], Cats has been referenced many times on screen; from the films Six Degrees of Separation[296] and Team America: World Police,[344] to the sketch comedy Saturday Night Live, and animated series like Family Guy, The Simpsons and BoJack Horseman,[345] as well as live action comedies including The Golden Girls, Caroline in the City, Glee and Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt. [298] Robert Cushman's review for The Observer concluded that Cats was flawed but unmissable. [103] The run was later extended through April 2015 and an additional 100,000 tickets were released, with Kerry Ellis replacing Scherzinger as Grizabella. [308], "Heaviside Layer" redirects here. He is the cat who is unofficially in charge of the night train to Glasgow. [346][347] An episode of the musical television series Crazy Ex-Girlfriend, titled "I Need Some Balance", parodied Cats by having all the songs sung by anthropomorphic cats who "introduce [themselves] over '80s Broadway beats". [351] All the song parodies of Cats were later removed after accusations of copyright infringement from Lloyd Webber's representatives, who claimed the songs were being used "to parody another subject matter entirely". ("Magical Mr. Mistoffelees"). Within his song, a whole steam train engine is assembled out of objects in the junkyard. [106] At the time, the musical was found to have had an economic impact of $3.12 billion on New York City and had generated the most theatrical jobs of any single entity in Broadway history. Cats premiered in the West End at the New London Theatre on May 11, 1981. [102] On 19 June 1997, Cats overtook A Chorus Line to become the longest-running show in Broadway history with 6,138 performances. The movie is based on the Broadway hit musical, CATS written by Andrew Lloyd Webber. We’re taking the Cats show that’s touring and working on it afresh." Cats is the fourth-longest-running West End musical. became "with a frightful burst of fireworks, the Siamese they swarmed aboard! It tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make the "Jellicle choice," deciding which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life. By December, the full cast had been assembled. Over 2,500 of these scaled-up props were used to fill the whole auditorium in the original Broadway production. [307] The musical became a cultural phenomenon and has had a profound influence on the medium. [80][92] In the original Broadway production, catwalks were built to connect the stage to the boxes and balcony so as to give the cast access to the entire auditorium during the show. Cats has since been revived in the West End twice and on Broadway once. Their number was also rewritten to be faster and more upbeat, alternating between vaudeville-style verses and a "manic patter" section. The original London cast recording utilised longer versions of "The Old Gumbie Cat", "Old Deuteronomy" and "The Ad-Dressing of Cats" with verses and lines that were cut from later productions. [324][317] Billington also specifically traces the rise of the jukebox musical genre back to Cats, citing the latter's disregard for dramatic text in favour of an all-encompassing theatrical experience. Template:Cats navbox Template:OlivierAward Musical 1976–2000 Template:TonyAward Musical 1976–2000 Template:TonyAward MusicalScore 1976–2000 Template:TonyAward MusicalBook 1976–2000 Template:Andrew Lloyd Webber Template:T. S. Eliot Script error: No such module "Authority control".Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters". Despite mixed reviews when Cats opened in New York in 1982, critics agreed that it was innovative and visually spectacular in ways that Broadway had never seen before. The company produced the musical at the Coliseum Theatre in Madrid from December 2003 to January 2005, with a cast that included Víctor Ullate Roche as Mistoffelees. Victoria is the protagonist of the 2019 Cats movie. Nunn expanded on these concepts by conceiving the Jellicle Ball as an annual ritual in which the cats vie to be chosen to ascend to the Heaviside Layer, thus giving the characters a reason to gather and sing about themselves in the musical. Grizabella leaves and the music changes to a cheerful upbeat number as Bustopher Jones, a fat cat in "a coat of fastidious black", is brought to the stage ("Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town"). In the 1998 video version, the entire scene featuring Growltiger was cut due to John Mills' (Gus) old age. [299] The show received similarly glowing reviews from The Sunday Times' Derek Jewell and The Stage's Peter Hepple. [77][78] Similarly, Lloyd Webber introduces a fugue in the overture, and variations of this theme are then repeated throughout the musical until it is finally resolved as Grizabella ascends to the Heaviside Layer. Furthermore, we would have to achieve the sense of progression through themes more than incidents. [26] The licensed version of Cats includes both songs, giving individual companies a choice as to which to include. Cats introduced the song standard "Memory". [165], Similar to the original London staging, the set of the 1,200-capacity CATS Theatre is built on a revolving stage floor such that during the overture, the stage and sections of the stalls revolve approximately 180 degrees into place. [32], Following its Broadway debut, Cats has been staged extensively across North America. [227] These European tours have featured several notable performers in the role of Grizabella, including Pernilla Wahlgren (Sweden; 2003),[228] Katarína Hasprová (Slovakia; 2016)[229] and Jenna Lee-James (Netherlands; 2018–2019). The success of the Vienna and Hamburg productions sparked a "musical boom" in the region that saw numerous musicals being launched not just in Germany but also in Switzerland. [296] In 2012, the New York Post reported that the musical's grosses had reached $3.5 billion. He tells the story about the pirate's romance with Griddlebone and how he was overtaken by the Siamese and forced to walk the plank. Isherwood concluded that the revival was "fundamentally the Cats you knew and loved when you were first bit by the musical-theater bug. [145] The tour closed at the Manchester Opera House in December 1995. The Cats do not understand, so he repeats the message again and Jemima (or Sillabub, depending on the production) sings it in simpler terms ("The Moments of Happiness"). Cats opened to positive reviews at the New London Theatre in the West End in 1981 and then to mixed reviews at the Winter Garden Theatre on Broadway in 1982. There are also sub-categories for characters that are fictional in-universe or not cats. Cats started the megamusical phenomenon, establishing a global market for musical theatre and directing the industry's focus to big-budget blockbusters, as well as family- and tourist-friendly shows. Mr. Mistoffelees soon arrives just in time as he performs his dance, which is often one of the most intricate and challenging dance solos in the show. [160][161] An initial investment of ¥800 million (US$3.4 million in 1983) was required to bring Cats to Japan, including ¥300 million for the construction of a purpose-built theatre tailored to the needs of the musical. Act I — When Cats Are Maddened by the Midnight Dance. The set, consisting of an oversized junk yard, remains the same throughout the show without any scene changes. Hushed giggling sounds signal the entrance of Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer, a pair of near-identical cats. [155] Most recently, a UK production played in numerous European cities from 2016 to 2019, with tour stops in Switzerland, Croatia, Belgium, Poland, Bulgaria, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Netherlands, and Luxembourg. [122] A second national tour launched in June 1993 at the Bristol Hippodrome,[144] featuring Rosemarie Ford as Grizabella, Robin Cousins as Munkustrap, Simon Rice as Mistoffelees and Tony Monopoly as Old Deuteronomy. [27] Most of the original creative team remained, with Martin Levan replacing Jacob as the sound designer and Stanley Lebowsky replacing Rabinowitz as music director. Hersey also used light in an "architectural manner", with fast-changing configurations to spotlight different performers in rapid succession. She tries to dance along, but her age and decrepit condition prevent her from doing so ("Memory (Prelude)"). This score contains several small cuts, transpositions, additions, reassignment of vocal lines, and a reduced orchestration. ", "The Jellicles of Broadway's Cats Welome Their New Grizabella Today", "Stage Review: 'Cats' Approaches Purrfection", "Nine Lives and Three Decades Later, Cats National Tour Purrs Its Way Across U.S. With New Dates", "Flying High ** Wilson native is Broadway's newest Wicked Witch of the West ** 'Wicked' on Broadway", "CATS regresa a Broadway, tras 16 años de haber cerrado el telón", "Gerardo Quiroz graduates with premiere of Cats", "El musical 'Cats' concluirá su temporada en el DF", "Musical "cats" volverá este 2015 con el mismo elenco", "Cats, teatro mexicano con talla de Broadway", "Rocío Banquells cumple su sueño de participar en 'Cats, "Landeta asegura que elenco de Cats supera al de 1991", "Yuri dará vida a Grizabella en el musical Cats", "El musical Cats llega a sus 200 representaciones", "A purr-fect role... but I'm turning into a cat! 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